There are too many things that are unsafe to consume during pregnancy. Almost all chemical medicines are not allowed. Even, moms can’t have cough syrup and flu medicines during pregnancy. For specific chemical substance like magnesium citrate, moms need to be very careful as well. Is magnesium citrate safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding? Before answering the question, we need to explore the benefit and learn the basic information about magnesium citrate.
What is Magnesium Citrate (Citroma)?
Magnesium is a natural mineral. This is the substance that is important for various systems. Humans will need magnesium for muscles and nerves. Besides, magnesium citrate is also an essential element to increase water in the intestines.
Magnesium might come in several different forms. One of which is magnesium citrate. It is usually used as a saline laxative/osmotic laxative. It will relieve constipation and other irregularities.
According to the NCBI Journal, it has been estimated that approximately 11% to 38% of pregnant women experience constipation, which is generally described as infrequent bowel movements or difficult evacuation.
Types of Laxatives
- Bulk-forming laxatives (such as psyllium/Metamucil, polycarbophil/fibercon, and methylcellulose/Citrucel). Bulk-forming laxatives are not absorbed or associated with increased risk of malformations, therefore, they are considered safe for long-term use during pregnancy.
- Stool softeners, also know as the Emollient laxative (such as docusate sodium and docusate calcium). There is one case report of the maternal chronic use of docusate sodium throughout pregnancy. However, they’re the least effective option for treating constipation.
- Lubricant laxatives. Mineral oil is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and does not appear to be associated with adverse effects. Mineral oil can encourage bowel movements by coating the bowel and the stool mass with a waterproof film.
- Osmotic laxatives (such as Fleet Phospho-Soda, Lactulose, Sorbitol, Polyethylene Glycol Compounds, Magnesium hydroxide and Magnesium citrate). Theoretically, prolonged use of osmotic laxatives might lead to electrolyte imbalances.
- Stimulant laxatives (such as aloe, cascara, senna compounds, bisacodyl, and castor oil). Similar to osmotic laxatives, prolonged use might theoretically lead to electrolyte imbalances.
Is it safe to take Magnesium Citrate while Pregnant?
During early pregnancy or first trimester, moms should consult anything to the doctors before taking any medications and home remedies.
Use magnesium citrate (saline laxatives) only if your doctor recommends its use as a last resort for your constipation treatment. Saline laxatives should be taken with plenty of water.
There are no actual side effects and risks of magnesium citrate for the fetal health. Magnesium citrate is approved by FDA. Therefore, it will be safe for human bodies. However, it falls under C category. It means, it has no sufficient studies in human. Yet, the use of magnesium citrate during pregnancy can use minimal risks. In some users, it will give no risks at all.
However, it is recommended that magnesium citrate be used only in the short term or occasionally to avoid dehydration or electrolyte imbalances in pregnant women.
Which is the Best Form of Magnesium to take?
Magnesium compounds have different magnesium content. For instance, within the magnesium citrate (an oral solution or tablet, powder, pill, and capsule), the actual magnesium is only 16.2%. The rest compound is citric acid.
Based on the Livestrong website explanation, magnesium lactate and magnesium chloride are better absorbed than magnesium oxide. Magnesium gluconate is also well absorbed.
Time-release forms of magnesium might be better absorbed, as might forms that do not have enteric coatings.
Most of the time, we will not see clear explanation on the labels of magnesium supplements. Therefore, we need to be more careful when taking the supplements.
Learn more about Is it Safe to Eat Imitation Crab Meat while Pregnant?
Dosage of Magnesium Citrate for Constipation and Anxiety
Is magnesium citrate safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding? It will be safe if moms take it under the correct dosage. The dosage for taking magnesium citrate depends on the age and sex. We can usually buy magnesium citrate in the drug store as liquid or tablet form. Here is the summary:
- Men with ages of 19 to 30 years should take 400 mg a day. Meanwhile, males over 30 years old can take 420 mg.
- Women under 50 years old can take 310 mg a day.
- Pregnant women and women who are more than 50 years old can take 320 mg a day.
Side Effects of Magnesium Citrate for Constipation during Pregnancy?
There are no serious side effects of magnesium citrate has been reported. During pregnancy, the magnesium citrate will not be dangerous as well. This will even be a good solution for constipation during pregnancy. Moms need to only consult it with the doctors before taking the magnesium citrate. Is magnesium citrate safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding? Yes, it is safe and works effectively during pregnancy.
Precautions of Magnesium Citrate
According to the CDER file, Magnesium citrate should be used with caution in patients on a low sodium diet. For those who are nursing, magnesium citrate is relatively safe because there is no known risk reported.
For the adults who are over 60, there is a renal risk of hypermagnesemia with renal repairment. Giving magnesium citrate to a child under 12 can give the risk of hypermagnesemia, weakness, respiratory depression, and hypotension.
Before you take magnesium citrate for relieving constipation, try to take 11 natural home remedies to treat constipation during pregnancy. It is advisable to consult your doctor before you use any home remedy to treat constipation during pregnancy.
11 Excellent Home Remedies to Treat Constipation during Pregnancy:
- Drink more water and increasing fluid consumption.
- Eat more fiber, especially soluble fibers (oat bran, barley, nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, and peas), insoluble fibers (wheat bran, vegetables, and whole grains), and non-fermentable fiber (psyllium).
- Exercise more.
- Drink coffee, because coffee can stimulates the muscles in your digestive system.
- Take Senna, an herbal laxative. Senna is an FDA-approved nonprescription laxative.
- Eat probiotic food and supplements.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription laxatives.
- Try a low-FODMAPs diet. FODMAPs is an acronym for Fermentable, Oligosaccharides (eg. Fructans and Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS)), Disaccharides (eg. Lactose), Monosaccharides (eg. excess Fructose) And Polyols (eg. Sorbitol, Mannitol, Maltitol, Xylitol, and Isomalt).
- Avoiding dairy.
- Eat Prunes. Prunes contain the natural laxative sorbitol. This is a sugar alcohol that has a laxative effect.
- Drinking a glass of warm milk.